German Cities by Night

Exposures by night with artificial illumination introduce diverse problems:

  • Motives and its illumination can only be judged in darkness
  • Long exposure times must account for Schwarzschild's law
  • Photographic films can shift during long exposure times in film cassettes
  • Digital backs should be the better solution, however exposure times of 40 minutes with an aperture of 16 are rarely available
  • Therefore above pictures were realized with precision flat field cassettes by Linhof.

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